Projects for our planet.

At the heart of the Summit, some 20 projects have been showcased. These projects were presented during the round tables in the morning, the Climate Agora at lunchtime and during the afternoon sessions. They illustrate the fact that concrete local and global solutions exist to address the challenges we face. They need to be stepped up and replicated, and to serve as a source of inspiration around the world. They demonstrate that we are committed to a new world, to preserve the future of our one and only planet.

Program of the Climate Agora

Select a category of projects:

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Climate Reality

The Climate Reality Leadership Corps is a global network of activists committed to spreading awareness of the climate crisis and working for solutions to the greatest challenge of our time. The program, which is organized by the Al Gore founded Climate Reality Project, takes great leaders and makes them exceptional, providing training in climate science, communications and organizing in order to better tell the story of climate change and inspire communities everywhere to take action. A result is a dynamic group of world-changers shaping the conversation on climate in forums from family dinners to international summits and building a twenty-first-century movement for solutions.

LDN Fund: A new investment model for the Planet (Video)

The LDN Fund is a pioneering, first-of-its-kind investment vehicle that leverages public money to raise private capital to finance climate and development objectives simultaneously. The initiative was brokered by the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, and is managed by Mirova, backed by a large international network of partners.

The Fund has turned the traditional approach to investment on its head: boldly uniting project leaders, farmers, public and private investors to redefine healthy and productive land as an asset. It has encouraged public funders to secure the risk taken by private investors – to achieve measurable sustainable impact on the ground.

The LDN Fund is well placed to kick start a revolution in sustainable development and entrepreneurship and accelerate progress to cover 25% of the gap left to meet the Paris Agreement. In the process, it can help achieve multi-benefits for the planet, including creating millions of green sector jobs, boosting food security and increasing adaptation and resilience to climate change.

Solar Powers Morocco’s Clean Energy Goals

The Morocco Noor Ouarzazate Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) project is based on technology that uses heat from the sun to drive steam turbines or engines to produce electricity, even at night, through a heat storage mechanism. It is Morocco’s first utility-scale solar energy plant, with the goal of supplying power to over 1 million Moroccans by 2018 and helping Morocco produce 42 percent of its electricity through renewables by 2020.

The project brings together financing from international institutions, the private sector and Morocco. Combined with the results of recent bids in the United Arab Emirates, it shows that CSP is within reach now more than ever before for many countries, especially those in the Middle East and North Africa with abundant sunshine all year round. CSP can help reduce dependence on fossil fuels, mitigate the effects of climate change, become a catalyst for local manufacturing and job creation and help spur investments in innovation for clean energy technology.

Towards resilient Caribbean islands

Island territories are highly exposed to climate issues, particularly in the Caribbean.

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is launching its “Sustainable Islands Platform” initiative to engage the island States of Latin America and the Caribbean in a blue and circular economy perspective.

Tools for planning and for changing modes of production and consumption, along with financial tools, will be provided through the Platform.

The aim is to ensure sustainable economic development, to preserve islands’ natural capital, to optimize local resources and to create and capitalize on a new resilient blue and circular economic model.

The initiative is built on a public-private investment vehicle to spur private investment in the energy and infrastructure, agriculture and tourism sectors through the contribution of concessional resources. This vehicle will raise between US $75 million and $150 million.

Bolivia: a resilient agriculture

The people of Bolivia’s Altiplano live off family farming on land subject to a tough, cold climate, changing weather conditions and scarce water. These difficult conditions are aggravated by climate change. Instability has increased, shaking up rain regimes and leading to long periods of drought. The result? The sustainability of traditional agricultural practices – and thus the food security of inhabitants – are under threat.

In the municipality of Calamarca, 50 kilometers from La Paz, the installation of a greenhouse and training in techniques inspired by agro ecology is helping the community adapt. The greenhouse secures and diversifies the food supply of local people, and creates gainful activity – a little revolution in this isolated village. Since the greenhouse opened in 2014, 15 families, together in a producer’s association, have benefited.

The project is going to be expanded to 30 other municipalities in Bolivia, with the aim of these best practices spreading across the country. Here and elsewhere, promoting alternative production methods, improving yields and guaranteeing food security is a means of adapting to the changes that are underway.

India Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) aggregates and finances residential and public sector energy efficiency in India. It has deployed more than 275 million LED bulbs, and 4 million LED street lights. Consequentially, the retail prices of high quality, longer life LEDs are at parity with CFLs. By 2020, LEDs are expected make up 60 percent of the Indian market. EESL’s innovative, flexible and effective public bulk procurement and distribution model is being replicated to other applications such as deploying superefficient air-conditioners and textile manufacturing equipment; electric and hybrid vehicles under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020; and smart meters for customers and electricity companies. EESL recently completed the procurement of 10,000 electric cars, 3,000 charging stations, and 5 million smart meters. A $220m World Bank loan combined with an $80m guarantee facility to support additional commercial credit (target $200m) is planned for 2018.

Tropical Landscape Financing Facility

The Tropical Landscapes Finance Facility is an innovative financial platform with an investment focus on sustainable small-holder agriculture, and renewable energy in rural areas. The Facility consists of a Tropical Landscapes Loan Fund that intends to lend at least USD 1 billion to commercially viable projects with significant social and environmental impact in Indonesia. As the first project in an investment pipeline of about 1.6 billion USD in potential projects with positive climate impact, the Facility is investing in a 331 million USD project on the island of Sumatra, stretching across Jambi and Riau provinces.

Two years from Paris – The EU reconfirms its climate leadership

The Investment Plan for Europe, the so-called Juncker Plan, was launched in 2014 with three objectives: to remove obstacles to investment; to provide visibility and technical assistance to investment projects; and to make smarter use of financial resources. The Juncker Plan is central to deliver the economic growth and job creation, which President Juncker fixed as his Commission’s top priority.

The Juncker Plan is now set to trigger over €250 billion in investment across all Member States and support over 300,000 jobs. By 2020, we estimate it will have supported 700,000 jobs and triggered €500 billion in investment, adding 0.7% to EU GDP. These investments are being seen and felt by Europeans, whether it is support for the clean energy transition, transforming ports and airports, building new physical and digital infrastructure, helping the integration of refugees or focusing on fairness by supporting our social agenda. And these investments are providing a welcome boost for local economies, with a total of 332 financing agreements with local intermediaries approved so far, giving 528,000 small businesses and start-ups better access to finance.

Africa Risk Capacity

The African Risk Capacity (ARC) was established by the African Union (AU) to work with African governments to find better ways to finance responses to disasters on the continent and reduce their reliance on the humanitarian aid. It was also established to work with AU countries to strengthen the public policy and risk management systems involved in managing their climate risks.

ARC provides climate-related disaster insurance to African governments – managed through its insurance affiliate, ARC Insurance Company Limited (ARC Ltd), using modern finance mechanisms such as risk pooling and risk transfer. At times of crisis, this insurance provides fast access to funding for previously agreed-upon, rapid response plans developed with the governments.

In addition to the insurance, ARC offers capacity-building for countries, to monitor climate indicators and predict response costs. ARC initiative is supported under the InsuResilience, the G7 Climate Risk Insurance Initiative.

C40 Cities Finance Facility: an initiative to help cities prepare projects to attract investment

Access to finance is one of the most significant barriers that mayors face in delivering climate change action and achieving their vision for low carbon urban development. This challenge is particularly acute in cities in developing countries which face a shortage of skills and expertise to take projects forward, thus preventing cities from securing investment for transformative infrastructure projects. The C40 Cities Finance Facility (CFF) was set up to address this issue. It provides technical assistance to support C40 cities in developing and emerging countries in preparing and delivering climate mitigation and adaptation projects.

A joint project of the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, the CFF is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). It also receives in-kind support for its Latin American operations from the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB).

Catalysing Fintech for Sustainability

Six global consumer goods companies and banks, and the UK government, are funding a project to test whether blockchain and other technologies can unlock financial incentives that reward sustainability in supply chains. The system would trial the concept by using a shared data system for tea farmers in Malawi that supply Unilever and Sainsbury’s. The cutting-edge technology has been developed by a collective of four Fintech startups including Provenance, that uses blockchain-based supply chain services and Halotrade, which uses smart contracts and algorithms to convert supply chain data into preferential pricing terms in banks’ systems. Landmapp will provide land rights documentation via mobile technology and FOCAFET Foundation will ensure open-source data standards are used throughout.

Indonesia Geothermal Risk Mitigation

Indonesia is establishing a Geothermal Resource Risk Mitigation Facility with support from the World Bank and other partners. The Facility will provide concessional funding and grants to reduce financial exposure in the early geothermal exploration phase in which a project developer typically spend $30-40 million before geothermal resources can be proven. In its first phase, the Facility is expected to leverage up to four billion dollars in private funding and lead to the development of more than 1 GW of new geothermal capacity, thereby avoiding an estimated 150 MtCO2. This will be a critical contribution to the $25 billion of investments needed to achieve the government’s target of adding 5.8 gigawatts of geothermal power generation by 2026. For the first phase the Facility will need to access around $175 million in grant and soft loans, and $325 million in concessional financing to complement the $150 million already committed by the government ($650 million in total).

Climate Resilience and Adaptation Finance & Technology Transfer Facility

The Climate Resilience and Adaptation Finance & Technology Transfer Facility (CRAFT) is the first private sector investment strategy focused on climate resilience and adaption. CRAFT has identified over 500 companies with technologies, products, and services that can assess and manage the risks and impacts being amplified by climate change in all sectors of the economy. CRAFT would invest growth equity in 10-15 of these companies to help them scale up and apply their solutions in developing countries. The strategy calls for:

  • Two legally and financially separate sleeves of $250 million each for developed and developing country investments,
  • $100 million of concessional financing to help de-risk and attract $150 million of commercial investment for the developing country sleeve,
  • $20 million of donor financing for technical assistance to help resilience companies expand in developing country markets, especially in lower income and vulnerable countries.

Hydromet : Africa Hydromet Program

The Africa Hydromet Program is a partnership of the World Bank, African Development Bank, WMO, AFD, UNDP and other partners. It supports Sub-Saharan countries in strengthening weather and climate services, end-user services (including early warning), and knowledge and advisory services. The program has mobilized financial resources for Mali, Niger, and DRC, from the World Bank, Global Environment Facility, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Climate Risks Early Warning Systems initiative, the Green Climate Fund and the Korean Green Growth Trust Fund. One such program is the Rain Cell initiative, a novel public-private partnership of private cellphone operator, Orange S.A., and public hydromet services to support data concentration, data exchange, estimation of rainfall from cellphone signal attenuation and measuring user satisfaction. This public-private partnership model is being piloted by the Bank in Burkina Faso and will be scaled up.

Paris: green fund

Paris Green Fund is a local green investment fund and an unprecedented legal and financial tool enabled by the Act on the status of Paris adopted in early 2017. It aims to raise private finance and inject it into innovative companies developing solutions in the area of the ecological transition. This initiative has received the support of the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (CDC), which is a partner of Paris in the preparation phase of the fund, as well as the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) and Paris EUROPLACE under its Finance for Tomorrow initiative aimed at making the Paris financial centre a model for green finance. A first round of fundraising is planned by summer 2018 with an investment target of €150 million.

Supporting cotton farmers in Burkina Faso

IFC and the World Bank, in partnership with the Société Burkinabè des Fibres Textiles (SOFITEX), West Africa’s largest cotton company, are helping cotton farmers become more productive, climate-resilient, and food secure. Cotton, traditionally a rain-fed crop, is threatened by erosion and by irregular rains. The project, part of the Sahel Irrigation Initiative Programoffers farmers financing and training in soil water management, rainwater capture, and irrigation to sustainably increase cotton yields. Since food crops are grown in rotation with cotton, the project also benefits food production.

IFC and the World Bank are facilitating $5.85 million in lending and working with four local financial institutions—Bank of Africa, Ecobank, Le Réseau des Caisses Populaires, and Coris Bank—to make loans available to farmers. The Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA), a multi-donor trust fund managed by the World Bank, will provide a subsidy to these smallholder farmers making the investments more affordable and creating incentives for commercial banks to lend. The payment of the subsidy is linked to actual results achieved.

Within five farming seasons, the project is expected to have increased cotton yields by 25 to 30 percent in participating areas. The project is supported by the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) and by the governments of Canada and of the Netherlands

Resilient Cities

The City Resilience Program (CRP), supported by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and the Swiss Economic Secretariat (SECO), will assist city governments to build resilience to climate and disaster risks by structuring climate resilient investment packages and connecting them to finance. It will catalyze a pipeline of well-prepared and bankable investment opportunities and improve access for private and institutional investors to crowd into new markets. CRP advises cities on access to capital for infrastructure investments, through direct lending, public-private partnerships and strategic use of land assets. CRP seeks to act as the investment bankers for the city facilitating strategic investments that address the vulnerabilities and risks that cities face. The result will be deal flow for investors to help finance large-scale investment programs. The first phase starts with 30+ cities but is expected to scale to 500+ cities within 10 years.

Tackling deforestation: Central Africa Forest Initiative

Deforestation is growing. Yet, emissions from deforestation represent more than 10% of global carbon emissions. The Central Africa Forest Initiative (CAFI) aims at fighting against deforestation by protecting the Congo Basin forest cover, the second largest tropical rainforest in the world. CAFI addresses all the drivers of deforestation by supporting the necessary political reforms in each specific sector. Beside the climate change mitigation goal, the initiative contributes to many other challenges as biodiversity conservation, food security, governance and fight against land degradation. Launched in 2015, CAFI is as a collaborative partnership that gathers a coalition of donors and by so constitutes a donor coordination platform. Six countries of the Congo Basin are CAFI partners with a current pledge of 253 M USD by 2020 (of which 200 M USD is provided by Norway). France just took on the presidency of the initiative for two years succeeding Norway.

Africa GreenCo

Africa GreenCo addresses a key impediment to developing sub-Saharan Africa’s renewable energy resources at scale – the creditworthiness of power offtakers. Africa GreenCo proposes to introduce a government co-owned, independently managed and well-capitalised intermediary offtaker to sit between clean energy generators on the one hand and utilities and other power buyers on the other. The proposed entity will aggregate and mitigate demand and supply risks as an operating member of regional power pools. This will help unlock the private capital required to meet SDGs and NDCs at lower cost and in a fiscally efficient manner, and will provide a stepping-stone to the development of liquid power markets by leveraging existing power pools. Africa GreenCo is supported by The Rockefeller Foundation, Convergence, SADC PPDF, SAPP, RERA, NEPAD, APUA, the GWPSA and AREI and is in discussions with the Government of Zambia and Zambia’s key development partners regarding implementation from Zambia.

Coastal resilience in West Africa: WACA

The West African Coastal Areas Management Program (WACA) targets 17 West African countries to improve the management of shared natural and man-made risks affecting coastal communities. It will seek to: (i) crowd in finance with the objective of reaching $2bn to tackle coastal erosion, flooding and climate change adaptation and pollution; (ii) foster political dialogue within and among countries; and (iii) accelerate knowledge transfer on coastal management to and among West African countries. As a first contribution to the $2bn, the World Bank is processing a $215m operation, including $170m from the International Development Association, $20 million from the Global Environment Facility, and $9 million from the Nordic Development Fund, to be presented to the Board by March 2018. A package is being prepared for the city of Saint-Louis in Senegal to respond to an emergency from severe erosion which has already forced the evacuation of dozens of families is a WACA priority.

Objective: decarbonized transportation

By 2030, the greenhouse gas emissions of the transport sector could represent a third of emissions from fossil fuels, with disastrous environmental, financial and human costs.

The video shows that the battle to decarbonize transport is already being fought. Many transport stakeholders (vehicle and part manufacturers, energy providers, service providers, etc.) offer viable innovations (electricity, hydrogen). Countries are committing to ending these emissions. Cities are working to ensure their centres are unpolluted in 2030.

To speed up this systemic transformation, all public and private stakeholders need to coordinate their efforts. That is why the Paris Process on Mobility and Climate (PPMC) and four countries have launched the Transport Decarbonization Alliance. This initiative will help drastically reduce CO₂ emissions and transform the transport sector, with immensely positive social, economic and health benefits.


Tower Transit is an innovative transport operator with fresh ideas and expertise in bus franchising. Disruptive low-carbon technologies such as electric mobility technology is an important part to achieve a full transport transformation. However, this technology will not be enough if it is not partnered with actions to improve efficiency in the use of the urban infrastructure, with high-quality mass transport systems and land use transformation to enhance non-motorized mobility. Tower Transit’s pitch is exemplary of the deals that cities across the globe are considering – including with the World Bank in many Latin American cities.

Lisbon: a comprehensive framework loan for climate action and urban renewal from European Investment Bank 

Mayor Fernando Medina recently unveiled the City of Lisbon Investment Plan 2016-2020: an ambitious regeneration proposal to deliver long-term competitiveness and make the city more resilient to the increasing effects of climate change like flooding. This involves a comprehensive urban regeneration strategy from the EIB, which provided a 30-year EUR 250m loan to support Lisbon’s overall EUR 523m investment programme. This operation, underpinned by the comprehensive strategy, helps financiers to see the city as an interconnected network - thus helping Lisbon to confront some of its most important challenges. Expected outcomes include transforming an old military factory into one of the biggest start-up hubs in Europe as well as implementing the city’s General Drainage Plan. It means building new fire stations, car parks, 250 km of upgraded streets, more than 1000 new and rehabilitated social housing units, and renovating dozens of squares and parks. The investment constitutes a major draw for Lisbon, which has lost about 240,000 inhabitants in the last 3 decades.

Climate policies in Bouthan

Bhutan is a leader in public policies that marry economic development and environmental protection.

In the 1970s, environmental policies were enshrined in the country’s constitution, notably guaranteeing a minimum of 60% forest coverage. This is a crucial issue. Bhutan has the highest forest coverage in Asia (70%); protected areas constitute 52%, representing more than 5 million hectares or protected land rich in forests, rivers and biodiversity. These forests capture more than 6 million tonnes CO₂ each year – four times Bhutan’s emissions.

To continue its economic development while maintaining balance with its environmental protection policies, Bhutan and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) have developed an innovative financing mechanism: “Bhutan for Life”.

This project shows that States can find innovative ideas and schemes for finance compatible with climate and economic challenges.