The High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People (HAC) is an intergovernmental group, co-chaired by France and Costa Rica. Its objective is to support the adoption of a target aiming to protect 30% of the planet’s land and 30% of its oceans by 2030 (30x30 target), within the future global framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB) for the protection of biodiversity, which is to be adopted at the next COP in China this autumn.
This science-based target reflects the recommendations of the IPBES and the IUCN. These institutions have identified protected areas as essential and effective solutions for the preservation of species and ecosystems and recommended that their scope increase significantly, up to at least 30% by 2030.
The 30% target is not just a quantitative target. It will also serve to ensure that protected areas cover sites of particular importance for biodiversity and that they are well connected and managed effectively, while making sure that indigenous peoples and local communities are involved in the process.
The aim of the coalition is to gather as many governments as possible, targeting in priority those that can influence current negotiations on the adoption of the target.
The Coalition was officially launched at the One Planet Summit in 2021. It currently has around sixty members.
Together, they represent more than:
- 30% of global terrestrial biodiversity
- 25% of terrestrial carbon reserves
- 28% of priority areas for marine biodiversity and more than a third of ocean carbon reserves.
The Coalition is an informal intergovernmental grouping involved in the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity negotiations. Costa Rica and France lead the Coalition. Members regularly meet to discuss their strategy and convince other governments to join the movement and to involve their civil societies.
Costa Rica, Ms Rita El Zaghloul: firstname.lastname@example.org
France, Ms Adèle Fardoux